Harnessing non-linear integrated optics and pulsed light for quantum photonics
Quantum technologies promise a change of paradigm for many fields of application. However, their implementation often requires advanced setups of high complexity, which poses considerable challenges on the experimental side. Here we review three different approaches to advance current experimental approaches for multi-dimensional photonic quantum systems: non-linear integrated quantum optics, pulsed temporal modes and time-multiplexing. Non-linear integrated quantum devices with multiple channels enable the combinations of different functionalities, such as sources and fast electro-optic modulations, on a single compact monolithic structure. Pulsed photon temporal modes are defined as field orthogonal superposition states and can constitute a high dimensional quantum system. They occupy only a single spatial mode and thus they can be efficiently used in single-mode fibre communication networks. Finally, time-multiplexed quantum walks are a versatile tool for the implementation of a highly flexible simulation platform with many modes and dynamic control of the underlying graph structures and coherence properties of the quantum network.